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About church Historical reference
History of St. Catherine church
Tsarskoye Selo city cathedral of St. Catherine was built in 1835 on the orders of Nicholas I. Construction was carried out according to plan and under the supervision of architect Konstantin Ton. The funds for the construction singled Cabinet of His Majesty. The consecration of the cathedral took place on November 24 (December 6) in 1840 confessor of Emperor Nicholas protopresbyter Muzovskim in the presence of the Crown Prince Nicholas I and Alexander II. The Cathedral was originally in the diocesan office, and he in the same year was transferred to the clergy of the church with all the Sign salaries content. Clergy, translated in 1841 to the Cathedral of the Sign of the church consisted of archpriest, sacristan, two priests, deacons, two deacons and sexton. In 1875, a vacancy sexton was abolished. All 1842 were improvement works on the area of ​​the temple under the guidance of master gardener Fyodor Lyamina. Was arranged 12 tracks converged to the cathedral. The square also planted 200 poplars sizostvolyh imported from Holland.
The Cathedral was damaged by fire in the wooden arcade, which occurred in 1862. The most significant was damaged gilt titles. In 1865, due to tread rust, head of the cathedral were painted krongelmom, and in 1869 - with yellow paint, while leaving the lower four rows, preserved gilding.
15 (27) June 1874 Catherine's Cathedral clergy appealed to the management of the city with a petition to pour a cracked bell and to arrange for him a special niche in the arch above the western facade. 11 (23) October bell was removed in 1875 transfused with weight gain. In May of that year, the priests of the cathedral turned to the control of the city with a request to arrange for temporary wooden bell tower. In 1876, the architect AF species in the south-western part of Cathedral Square, near the main entrance of the cathedral built a temporary wooden bell tower. In 1889, the Lenten bell was raised in its place without any change in elevation. In 1910, Catherine's Cathedral clergy appealed to the city authorities with a request to annex "column bell corresponding to the beauty of the temple, the construction of which would serve as a commemoration of the memory of the 200th anniversary of the founding of Tsarskoye Selo." However, the bell tower was never built. In April 1890 the 50th anniversary launched the biggest overhaul of the cathedral ended in November. At the Cathedral in a two-story stone house on the street located Kolpino Catherine parish school. In the school at the beginning of XX century free enrollment of about 180 students. Was attributed to the temple chapel of St. Alexander Nevsky in the arcade (built in the years 1862-1864).

In 1917, the number of worshipers in the cathedral fell sharply, "Pastor Catherine's Cathedral in Tsarskoye Selo, Archpriest Nikolai Smirnov said that in his temple in a festive vigil was only one worshiper." [1] From November 1916 until his death 31 October (November 13) in 1917 in the cathedral served as the second priest Fr John Kochurov. At the end of October 1917 Tsarskoye Selo became the site of an armed conflict, the Bolshevik militias and Cossack troops under the command of General Krasnov, to remain faithful to the Provisional Government. [2] October 30 (November 12) in 1917, during the shelling of Tsarskoye Selo Bolsheviks on. John drgimi with cathedral clergy participated in the procession with special prayers for the "termination mezhdousobnyya battle." October 31 (November 13) 1917 the Bolshevik troops entered in Tsarskoye Selo and priests who led the procession, were arrested, Fr. John was devoted to Tsarskoye Selo airfield and shot in front of his son at school. At the request of the parishioners, 4 (17) noyabryaa the same year his father John was buried in the crypt of the cathedral. November 24 (December 7), in the feast day of the cathedral, Metropolitan of Petrograd, Veniamin (Kazansky) made in the cathedral parish liturgy and gave ikonuBozhiey Mother "to those in sorrow and consolation pechaleh" [3]. The first "punish" the closure of the temple were registered in 1934. Requirements appear until 1937. July 10, 1937 Architectural and planning department of the Leningrad City Council ordered the executive committee to make Detskoselskiy gilt domes of the cathedral, but in August the order was canceled.
March 12, 1938 dean Archpriest Theodore ZABELIN was relieved of the post, and on April 27 Twenty Cathedral filed a petition before the Metropolitan of Leningrad in the direction of the new St. Catherine's Cathedral priest, but received a verbal response: "The priests not to send certain and will have to pass the Cathedral" .; May 11, 1938 Twenty initiated the procedure of putting the property of the cathedral. June 1, 1938 the Presidium of the Pushkin District Council filed a petition before the Presidium of the Leningrad City Council to close the cathedral and the demolition of the "not as a cultural value." The request was granted. By order of the Presidium of the Lenoblispolkoma on July 11, 1938 St. Catherine's Cathedral was closed. Organized by the Special Commission on October 24 after a survey of the building proposed to use the building as a theater and cinema, and basement - a gas-proof shelter.
0001.jpg In May 1939, the cathedral was surrounded by a wooden fence deaf. The workers removed the roof, church furniture, paintings and iconostasis were removed. Icons pricked with axes and dumped in a pile, and then burned in the basement, in temple furnaces.
June 10th, 1939 at 5:00 am 30 minutes of Cathedral of St. Catherine was blown up. Blasting led mining engineer E. N. Nielsen [4]
Almost immediately, there are projects of the former arrangement of the area, "proposed to erect a monument to Alexander Pushkin, a swimming pool with fountains and border colors, children's play areas. "The creation of a large green area, park and architectural ensemble dedicated to the works of Pushkin," his poems, tales, poems, novels and tragedies. "
"Turn the area into the" pantheon of greats of pre-revolutionary era. " But the plans could not be implemented.
In 1947, the Berlin art historian AM Kuchumov who formed part of the Commission for the Elimination of the cathedral, in a warehouse on the eastern harbor Spree found an icon of the Cathedral of "The Last Supper" by F. Bruni.
By 1950, the mountain remains of St. Catherine's Cathedral and gradually settled into a regular city park.
22 April 1960 on the site of the cathedral was a monument to Lenin.
recovery and sanctification (2010)
In connection with the canonization of the Council of Bishops of the Russian Orthodox Church December 4, 1994 Archpriest John Kochurova, February 5, 1995 at the former Cathedral Square, near the place where he remained until its destruction Catherine's Cathedral, was built seven-eight-pointed wooden cross. During the installation of the cross on the proposal in respect of the District Attorney Archpriest Gennady Zverev was instituted administrative proceedings, he was fined 388,000 rubles and ordered to dismantle the cross. [5] In turn, the faithful Pushkin declared that they are ready to assume all the costs of dismantling the statue of Lenin. In April of the same year, the commission mayor of St. Petersburg decided to dismantle the monument to Lenin in Pushkin (as well as the Warsaw station).
First rebuilt Catherine's Cathedral was mentioned in the investment project for infrastructure development of the central part of the town of Pushkin, which was StPSUEF in 1998 [citation needed 884 days]. In 2000, the chief architect of the State Museum "Tsarskoye Selo" AA Kedrinskii completed preliminary design of the reconstruction of the main square, expected recovery in two stages Catherine's Cathedral.
November 3, 2003 at the Cathedral Square was installed and consecrated a new wooden cross, made on the Solovetsky Islands monk George, entirely by hand. He was given Tsarskoselskomu deanery Interregional Charitable Foundation "Renaissance monuments of Russian architecture of the North."
On the night of 6 to 7 April 2004 a monument to Lenin was thrown by unknown persons from the pedestal (with the help of a powerful automotive winch attached to the tree). As a result of the fall of the monument crashed. [6]
3 June 2006 expedition of the Institute of History of Material Culture of the Russian Academy of Sciences began large-scale archaeological excavation of the foundation. August 4 KGIOP raised the issue of the possible restoration of the church, noting the need for conservation of the detected base and to continue scientific and research works in the archives. August 25 was completed excavations foundations of the cathedral, in the course of which were also found elements of engineering services, architectural details and the remains of church plate. November 1st the foundation of the cathedral was laid up.
July 20, 2006 was established by the Foundation "Rebuilding the Cathedral of St. Catherine in Tsarskoye Selo" (registered by October 26). November 10 Fund approved charitable program recreate the cathedral. Foundation of the temple took place on 7 December 2006. The future altar of the temple a memorable character in the form of a stone on which is engraved the inscription of the occurring event, "In this place will be built a church - a monument as a tribute of deep respect and selfless heroism of the majestic inhabitants of Tsarskoye Selo, in memory of the tragic days of 1917. (7 December 2006) "
0003.jpg February 13, 2007 the Government of St. Petersburg signed a decree on measures to implement the conservation work of the Cathedral of St. Catherine in Tsarskoye Selo. February 15th Scientific Council for the preservation of the cultural heritage of the Government adopted the Concept of reconstruction of the cathedral, designed by architect A. Mihalycheva
The foundation of the cathedral was reactivated April 7, 2007, and then began training and equipment of the construction site. October 16 over fill the basement of the cathedral.
November 26, 2008 Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin has signed a decree on the establishment of the organizing committee for the 300th anniversary of the Tsarskoye Selo [7], the most important element of which will be the restoration of the cathedral.
August 4, 2009 at the church building was raised central chapter, and the next day - four small.
December 7, 2009 in a newly built cathedral was celebrated the first liturgy and consecrated a new jingle bells of the seven that is a copy of the lost. The bells were voodruzheny on zvonnitsu11 February 2010
June 1, 2010 on the facade installed mosaic icon of St. Catherine, Catherine made a creative workshop on the design Ogorodnikova Mihalycheva AV
June 27, 2010 (in the days of the celebrations of the 300th anniversary of the Tsarskoye Selo) Patriarch Kirill concelebrated by Metropolitan of St. Petersburg and Ladoga Vladimir (Kotljarova), bishops Solnechnogorsky Sergius (CHashin) Peterhof Marcellus (wind), Vyborg Nazar (Lavrynenko) and the clergy of St. Petersburg churches, performed the rite of the Great Blessing of the temple [8].